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    Pu Lian Uk: Nagaland state le Chin state theih tti awk

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    Chin state hnu lei tuanbia kan zohtik ah ah Naga Hills (Today Nagaland), Lushai Hills (Today Mizoram), Chin Hills (Today Chin State (in name) Singkaling Khamti Naga Hills (Today Naga Self Administered Area) chung vialte khuasa mi hi nunphung aa khatmi mi phun pakhat in Mirang nih an rak kan hmuh khawh hna. Curuang ah kan phu 4 kan zapi Chin Hills Regulation 1896 upadi in an rak kan uk.

    Nagaland Area  tungvangkarh Sq. meng 6041; a milu 2 millions.

    Mizoram Area tungvangkarh sq. meng 8000; a milu 1 million.

    Chin state  Area tungvangkarh Sq meng 14000; a milu 0.5 million (Chinramkulh chung khuasa long).

    Mirang nih kan zapiram kha a vun chim (invade atuah) tik ah India Front le Burma Front ti front 2 synchronisation karceh in an vun chim.  A fawinak cun India lei military  front nih an lakmi ram kha Assam British Governor uknak toi ah an chiah i, Burma Front ralhmai in lakmi territory kha Burma British Governor kut toi ah an chiah. Cucaah Kawlram lei um le India ram lei um phu 2 ah an kan i cheu hi asi..

    Kan ram hraphnih map khi zoh u law India lei le Kawlram lei Nagatlang hraphnih ah aa cheu,Tedim zong zoh tik ah a hraphnih in Tedim holh a holhmi an um veve. A vunchang ah Falam, Haka, Mara Duhlian holh a holhmi hramphnih ah kan um veve, a vun tawlh rih tik ah Paletwa holh a holhmi le Kanmah Thantlang holh a holhmi Bwwmpawlchittagong Hills tract ah an um zoh tik ah arti mu alaifang in sambuh fate he cheumi bak kan lawh mi nih miphun khat kha ram hnih thum ah an rak kan tthen ning ngaihchia ngai khi kan si ko hna.

    India ram, Nagaland state khualipi Kohima ah Rung Lian Ceu le Naga paṭhawng pawl an i paih lio.

    Asinain, Assam Governor nih siseh, Burma Governor nih siseh Assam law le Burma law in an kan uk hna lo. Kan phu 4 Chin Hills Regulation1896 he Mirang British colony ram pakhat in  a dangte kanmah lawng in an kan uk tthiamtthiam hna. Ralpi voi 2nak a dih cangka in kan phu 4 Chin Hills Regulation 1896 in uk mi vialte kha Crown colony Scheme in Governor pakhat ukmi province pakhat ah ser khawh ding asi  ti kha survey an tuahter mi Oxford University constitutional Law Expert Professor R. Couopland zong nih asi kho ko ti affirmative report British government sin a pek tthan hna. 

    Asinain, India nih caan a tlin hlan hnawhsare tuk in Independence 1947 August 15 zan tim ah Independence at midnight ti in an laknak ah Mizoram le Nagaland India lei an itel caah Chin Hills District le Singkaling Khamti Naga Hills District long Kawlramlei ah Chin colony min in atangta mi kan si. British nih atu lio Kawlrambupi timi hi  1) Ministerial Burma colony, 2)Chin Hills colony,. 3)Kachin Hills colony, 4)Federated Shan States colony ti in colony ram 4 in WW II hnu zong ah akan uk tthan

    Atlantic Charter 1941 le UN Chater ning ah colony ramvialte indepecence peek dih ding ti asi ruang ah  India colony zong Independence a hmuh I Burma ram colony zong indepen -dence hmuh ding a hung sicang. Chin Hills colony le Kachin Hills colony le Federated Shan States colony pa3 komh min hi BurmaFrontier Areas (BFA)  ti in British nih  min peekmi asi. Chin Hills Regulation in ukmi colony ah Naga HillsDistrict (india side) le Lushai Hills District hna cu  India independence chung aatel cang caah  Chin Hills Regulation in uk mi Chin Hills Colony chung in   Chin Hills District  le Singkaling Khamti Naga Hills District long Kawlramlei ah kan tang hna. 

    Chin Hills Regulation 1896 in ukmi Naga Hills District( India side) Lushai Hills District hna district 2 hi  India independence lei ah rak itel lo in,  Burma lei rak itel hna seh law Chin Hills Regukation 1896  in uk mi colony district 4  hi ramkaungai asi i, Chin Hills Regulation in uk mi colony ramkhat asi  caah  Kawlmiram le Indiam ram bantuk in fawite in independence adangte in rak  hmuh khawh  nak chance 100% a rak um

     Asina inBochoke  Aung san nih Kawlmiram independence a khael bantuk in Chin-Mizo-Naga ram pehtonh  dihmi cu   Chin Hills Regulation in ukmi  district 4   fontonh mi ram in indepen den -ce hmuh awk arak tuakkhang tu leader missing arak si. Kan phu 4  in hmunkhat te ah rak dirh ding hruaitu rak um hna seh law, Chin Hills Regulation in ukmi territory ram    min in kan zapi Indepen dence kan lakkhawh lo zong ah UN Trustee system in Independencwe hmuhding zong  rak luh ding can tthangai arak um rih .

    A cunglei kanttial ning kan ram phu 4 komh in zeihmanh tuahnak a that tilo tik ah Kawlmi ramhe federal uknakphung in i-uk ding ah Panglong Agreement ah colony dang 3 he min kanthut I Karenni (Kaya) independent ram nih an vunikomve i, Panglong Agreement cu ratify an tuah.  Cu min thut hnu ah Constitutiontuent Assembly of  Union of Burma tiramthar kha  an dirh i,  cu dirhmi  nih constitution of Union of Burma 1947  ttial ding ttuan vo lak asi. Cu Constituent Assembly of Union of Burma nih cun Pu Vum Ko Hau nih  ahruaimi Interim Chin Affairs Council kha an dirh ve.  Cu Interim Chin Affairs Council ah cun Singkaling Khamti Naga Hills aiawh tu Pu ZaVum(Kuki) zong arak itel ve cang.

     General Aung san nih Ministerial Burma ( Kawlmiram) he Independence la ko ulaw, nanmah cio te in nanramri chung ah nanmaghte i-ukkhaswhnak  a um kho mi federal uknak phunghram kanttial lai atimi kha BFA leaders/hruairtu  nih anzumh tuk caah rambupi komhmi ram federalphung in ser ding ah Mirang sin in Independence lakding Panglong Agree -ment timi min British colonies 4 nih min anthut I minthuthnu ah independent ram asimi Kaya (Karenni) zong nih an sin avun ifawn ve. Cu minthut hnu  ni 19 July 1947 ah General Aung San le a cabinet zapi in an meeting chung ah  political rival pawl fialmi mittha lo nih an thah dih hna.       

    Cu ti  General Aung san an zumh ngaimi a cabinet chung wankyi pawl he  thah an huah dih caah achawngtu Kawlmi hruaitu nih an bia an letpiak dih hna i ,  Union of Burma uknak phunghram 1947 kha Kawlmi ram nih ukmi rampak uknakphung hram ah an rak ttial. Cu tik ah Panglomg minthumi colony ram 4 nih ramkulh cozah 4 dirh hnga mi kha an mah Kawlmiramkulh chung ah an khumh dop andolh dih  hna. Cu caah ah Chin, Kachin, Shan, Karenni(Kaya) nih an mah le ramkulhcio cozah tling dirh  khawh ti lo in, Kawlmi hruaitu nih sermi Kawlmi cozah long nih Panglong minthu mi colony 4 hna zong kha  ahun  uk chih dih ning hna  asi.

    Tlangcungmi BFA ram hna nih khati sikha anduh lo caah 1962 lio ah 1947 Union  Uknakphung hram kha federal uknakphung in remh ding ah constitutional Prime Minister U Nu le tlang minih hna tla ding asi cang. Cu lio te ah  Ralkap General Ne win nih  federal uknak cu secession ramchuahtak dih nak phung asi ti in Prime Minister U Nu cozah kha adang attuanpi hoi he thong ah akhumh dih hna i, amahnih ralkap uknakphung in Kawlrambupi kha a uk nakin atu tiang ralkap uknak ah Kawl rambupicu a umlio asi.

    Zeitintiah Kawlrambupi President le state counselor / Prime minister le constitution cung in nawlngeibik tu cu army chungralkap Chief of staffs timi Senior General long asi. Cu caah  ralkap uknak adongh  rih lo cu asi. Atu cu kan ram  ah ram tang hriam tlai bul EAO le ral kapnih tleih khip ngaimi N LD coza h cease fire – kah ngolnak le political talk ramkhel kong ceih  ding Negotiation tuah lio can asi.

    1947 hnu achuak mihna cu hmet lio te in hi Chin Hills Regulation le Chin Special Divi -sion upadi chung    Chin timi  ah Naga, Lushai le,  Kuki hi anrak itell ti kan nukanpa nih  an kanchimh tik ah Chin ti le Naga le Mizo he cun unau kan siti mi thinlung hi fak ngai in akan ngeih ter I Naga Mizo Kuki vialtev kantleih  tleichan ning hna hi unau kan siti kan hmuh rih ko hna.

    Kanmit hmuh in kan ilawhnak alang sar mi ah Nagaland ah holh tampi nan holh bantuk in kan mah zong holh tampi kanngei.Kannunzia aa lo mitamngaikanhmuh khawh mi ah Minung hi thih hnu ah thlarau in khuavasak tthan nak hmun “mithikhua”  timi a umti hlan pipubiak nak ah an rak ngeih  .  Naga zong ah Konyak Naga nih mithikhua cu “Yinbu” ti in anngeih ve. Circle bantuk ikulh kut sih in lam, zong kan ikhat, bawilam sathah te hna kanngei veve,saramkankah mi le innzuat saram kan tha hmihna zong inn vampang ah  an lu kan tarve ve. Kanmah nih vakok Hornbill cu Chin national emblem ah kan hman . Naga nih cun  hornbill festival hmanh an ngeive . Sia le darkhuang hi kansunsak ngaiveve mi kan ikhahnak asi.

    Biakmi zumhning ah mithikhua a um ti zumhnak cu vancungkhua a um tibantuk he aa khah caah Krifa biaknak hi fawite in a kanlak ter khawh dih. Cu caah hlanpipu biaknak zumh ning kan ikhah bantuk in Krifa asimi dih kan sicaah kan ilawhnak hi atu tiang a kalpeng kho rih . Holh zong ah Naga  lei ah “father, Dad” ka pa timi hi “apo” ti a a au mi an um  i, Kanmah zong central Chin state ah “Senthang ,Zophei timi dialectal group pawl zong nih “ father , dad” ti cu” a po” an ti ve. Cuzong cu accidental aa lomi silo in pipu chantampi lio kan holh aa khatmi atu tiang aa khah khi asi  ko

    Atu zong hi paih hi miphun tampi nih anngeih lomi kanmah phu hnih nih ipaih tti kho tiang in kan iton zong hi kan ilawhnak aa phuanngainak asi. Curuang ah Nagaland cu kan phanh  bal hlan zong  ah kan unau umnak asiti  Chinmiphunnih kan tlaih chancia mi hna le kan hlam ngaimi hna , kan in ttanh ngai mi an si ttheu ko..

    Ramkhat ah umtti hna hmanh hlah u si law vuleicung cu Global village ti asi caah ram dangdang kan umbu in cultural exchange te hna atu bantuk paih zuamnakte hna hi aphun phun tuah tti khawh i zuam lengmang rih ko hna u si. Nagaland mipile Chin statemipi dawtnak karhchin koseh.!!

    Chin state hnu lei tuanbia k an zohtik ah ah Naga Hills(Today Nagaland), Lushai Hills (Today Mizoram), Chin Hills (Ttoday Chin State (in name) Singkaling Khamti Naga Hills(Today Naga Self Administered Area) chung vialte khuasa mi hi nunphung aakhatmi Mi phun pakhat in Mirang nih an rak kan hmuh khawh hna. Curuang ah  kan phu 4 kanzapi Chin Hills Regulation 1896 upadi in an rak kan uk.

    Mirang nih kanzapiramkha kha a vun chimm (invade atuah) tik ah India Front le Burma Front ti front 2  synchronization karceh in an vun chim.  Afawinak cun  India lei military  front nih anlakmi ram  kha  Assam British governor uknaktoi ah an chiah i, Burma Front in lakmi territory kha Burma British Governor kut toi ah an chiah. Cu  caah Kawlram lei um le India ram lei um phu 2 ah an kan icheu hi asi..

    Asi na in Assam Governor nih siseh , Burma Governnor nih siseh Assam law le Burma law in an kan uk hna lo. Kanphu 4 Chin Hills Regulation1896  he Mirang British colony ram  pakhat in  a dang te kanmahlong in an kan uk tthiatthiam hna. Ralpi vui II adihcangka hi kan phu 4 Chin Hills Regulation 1896 in uk mi vialte kha Crown colony Scheme in Governor pakhat ukmi province pa khat ah  ser khawh ding asi  ti kha survey an tuahter mi  Oxford Univer sity  constitutional Law Expert Professor R. Couopland zong nih asi khoko ti afimmative  report British government sin apeek tthan hna 

    Asina in India nih can atlinhlan  hnawhsare tuk in Independence 1947 August 15 zan tim ah Independence at midnight ti in an laknak ah Mizoran le Nagaland India lei nan itel caah Chin Hills District le Singkaling Khamti Naga Hills District long Kawlramlei ah Chin colony min in atangta mi kan si. British nih atu lio Kawlrambupi timi hi  1)Ministerial Burma colony, 2)Chin Hills colony,. 3)Kachin Hills colony, 4)Federated Shan States colony ti in colony ram 4 in WW II hnu zong ah akan uk tthan

    Atlantic Charter 1941 le UN Chater ning ah colony ramvialte indepecence peek dih ding ti asi ruang ah  India colony zong Independence a hmuh I Burma ram colony zong independence hmuh ding an hung sicang. Chin Hills colony le Kachin Hills colony le Federated Shan States colony pa3 komh min hi BurmaFrontier Areas (BFA)  ti in British nih  min peekmi asi. Chin Hills Regulation in ukmi colony ah Nga HillsDistrict (india side) le Lushai Hills District cu  India independence chung aatel cang. Cucaah  Chin Hills Regulation in uk mi Chin Hills Colony chung in   Chin Hills District  le Singkaling Khamti Naga Hills District long Kawlramlei ah kan tang hna. 

    Chin Hills Reegulation 1896 in ukmi Naga Hills District( India side) Lushai Hills District hna district 2 hi  India independence lei ah rak itel lo in,  Burma lei rak itel hna seh law Chin Hills Regukation 1896  in uk mi colony district 4  hi Chin Hills Regulation in uk mi colony ramkhat asi  caah  Kawlmiram le Indiam ram bantuk in fawite in independence adangte in rak  hmuh khawh  nak chance 100% a rak um mi asi. Asina in Aung san nih Kawlmiram independence a khael bantuk in Chin-Mizo-Naga rampehtonh  dihmi cu   Chin Hills Regulation in ukmi  district 4   fontonh mi ram in independence hmuh awk arak tuakkhang tu leader missing arak si. Kan phu 4  in hmunkhat te ah rak dir ding hruaitu rakum hna she law, Chin Hills Regulation in ukmi territory   min in kan zapi Independence kan lakkhawh lo zong ah UN Trustee system in Independencwe hmuhding zong  rak luh ding can tthangai arak um rih .

    A cunglei kanttial ning kan ram phu 4 komh in zeihmanh tuahnak a that tilo tik ah Kawlmi ramhe federal uknakphung in I uk ding ah min Panglong Agreementah colony dang 4 he min kanthut I Karen miphun le Karenni (Kaya) Miphunnih Panglong Agreement cu ratify antuah.  Cu min thut hnu ah Constitutiontuent Assembly of  Union of Burma  kha an dirh i,  cu dirhmi  nih constitution of Union of Burma 1947  ttial ding ttuan vo lak asi. Cu Constituent Assembly of Union of Burma nih cun Pu Vum Ko Hau nih  ahruaimi Interim Chin Affairs Council kha an dirh ve.  Cu interim Chin Affairs Council ah cun Singkaling Khamti Naga Hills aiawh tu Pu ZaVum(Kuki) zong arak itel ve cang.

     General Aung san nih Ministerial Burma ( Kawlmiram) he Independence la ko ulaw, nanmah cio te in nanramrichung ah nanmaghte iukkhaswhnak zeimaw zat a um kho mi federal uknakphunghram kanttial lai atimi kha BFA leaders nih anzumh tuk caah rambupi komhmi ram federalphung in ser ding ah Mirang sinin Independence lakding Panglong Agreement timi min British colonies 4 nih min anthut I minthuthnu ah independent ram asimi Kaya(Karenni) zong nih ansin avun ifawn ve. Cu minthut hnu ah General Aung San le a cabinet zapi in an meeting chung ah  political rival pawlnih fialmi mittha lonih anthah dih hna.

    Cu ti  General Aung san anzumh ngaimi a cabinet chung wankyi pawl he  thah an huah dih caah achawngtu Kawlmi hruaitu nih abia anletpiak dih i,    Union of Burma uknak phunghramkha 1947 kha Kawlmi ram nih ukmi rampak uknakphung hramn ah an rak ttial. Cutik ah Panglomg minthumi colony ram 4 nih ramkulh cozah 4 dirh hnga mi kha anmah Kawlmi ram kulh chung ah an khumh dop andolh hna. Cutik ah Chin, Kachin, Shan, Karenni(Kaya) nih anmah le ramkulhcio cozah tling tuah khawh ti lo in, Kawlmi hruaitu nih sermi Kawlmi cozah long nih Panglong minthu mi colony 4 hna zong kha  a uk chih dih ning hna khi asi.

    Tlangcungmi BFA ram hna nih khati sikha anduh lo.Cucaah 1962 lio ah 1947 Union  Uknakphung hram kha federal uknakphung in remh ding ah constitutional Prime Minister U Nu le tlang minih hna tla ding asi cang. Cu lio te ah  Ralkap General Ne win nih  federal uknak cu secession ramchuahtak dih nak phung asi ti in Prime Minister U Nu cozah kha adang attuanpi hoi he thong ah akhumh dih hna i, amahnih ralkap uknakphung in Kawlrambupi kha a uk nakin atu tiang ralkapuknak ah Kawl rambupicu a umlio asi.

    Zeitintiah Kaawlrambupi President le state counselor / Prime minister le constitu -tion cung in nawlngeibik tu cu Army chungralkap Chief of staffs timi Senior General long asi. Cu caah  ralkap uknak adongh  rih lo cu asi. Atu cu kan ram  ah ram tang hriam tlai bul EAO le ral kapnih tleih khip ngaimi N LD coza h cease fire – kah ngolnak le political talk ramkhel kong ceih  ding Negotiation tuah lio can asi.

    Kan hmet te in hi Chin Hills Regulation le Chin Special Division upadi hna  ah  Chin timi chung ah Naga, Lushai le,  Kuki hi anrak itell ti kan nukanpa nih  an kanchimh tik ah Chin ti le Naga le Mizo he cun unau kan siti mi thinlung hi fak ngai in akan ngeih ter I kan in tleichan ning hna hi unau kan siti kan in hmuh rih hna.

    Kanmit hmuh in kan ilawhnak alang sar mi ah Nagaland ah holh tampi nan holh bantuk in kan mah zong holh tampi kanngei.Kannunzia aa lo mitamngaikanhmuh khawh mi ah Minung hi thih hnu ah thlarau in khuavasak tthan nak hmun “mithikhua”  timi a umti hlan pipubiak nak ah an rak ngeih  . Nanmah Naga zong ah Konyak Naga nih mithikhua cu “Yinbu” ti in anngeih ve ti carelminih ankanchimh. Circle bantuk ikulh kut sih in lam, zong kan ikhat, bawilam sathah te hna kanngei veve,saramkankah mi le innzuat saram kan tha hmihna zong inn vampang ah  an lu kan tarve ve. Kanmah nih vakok Hornbill cu Chin national eblem ah kan hman nanmah zong hornbill festival hmanh nan ngei ve, i sia le darkhuang hi kansunsak ngaiveve mi kan ikhahnaki asi.

    Biakmi zumhning ah mithikhua a um ti zumhnak cu vancungkhua a um tibantuk he aa khah caah Krifa biaknak hi fawite in a kanlak ter khawh dih. Cu caah hlanpipu biaknak zumh ning kan ikhah bantuk in Krifa asimi dih kansicaah kan ilawhnak hi atu tiang a kalpeng kho rih . Holh zong ah nanmah lei ah father ti mi hi “apo” ti a a au mi an um anti i, Kanmah zong central Chin state ah “Senthang ,Zophei timi dialectal group pawl zong nih “ father , dad” ti cu” a po” an ti ve. Cuzong cu accidental aa lomi silo in pipu chantampi lio kan holh aa khatmi atu tiang aa khah khi asi  ko

    Atu zong hi paih hi miphun tampi nih anngeih lomi kanmah phu hnih nih ipaih ttikho tiangin kaniton zong hi kan ilawhnak aa phuanngainak asi. Curuang ah Nagaland cu kan phanh  bal hlan zong  ah kan unau umnak asiti  Chinmiphunnih kan intlaih chancia mihyna le kan in hlam ngaimi hna , kan in ttanh ngai mi hna nan si.

    Ramkhat ah umtti hna hmanhhlah u si law vuleicung cu Global village ti asi caah ram dangdang kan umbu in cultural exchange te hna atu bantuk paih zuamnakte hna hi aphun phun tuah tti khawh i zuam lengmang rih ko hna u si. Nagaland mipile Chin statemipi dawtnak karhchin koseh.!! 

    Nawlnak: Kan website chung ca hi website dangah copy piak lo dingin kan in nawl hna.
    Tial Lian Thang
    Lian cu Seihnam Journal ah Editor-in-chief a rak ṭuan. UNHCR zung i RSC department ah kum 4 chung holhlet le calet a ṭuan pah in Faiceu Journal ah 'editor' in a rak bawm pah hna. 2016 ah The Chin Express a dirh i ni fatin Chin thawngpang le vawlei cung thawngpang phunkip a ṭial.